About catlady1990

I have 10 cats. I'm kind of a bitch but I'm still a good human bean.

Why is heroin use such an epidemic?


Heroin is one of the most addictive drugs available today and more than 27,000 people die from it every year.  The reason that heroin is so popular is because it is an opiate, like painkillers, but it is much cheaper and stronger.  Because of this, many painkiller addicts move from painkillers to heroin.

heroin needle

A big drug that started the painkiller problem was Oxycontin. According to advertisements when the drug came out, “Oxycontin is one of America’s new prescription wonder drugs” (Cohen & Gaviria, 2016).  The advertisements strategically pushed the drug which would make people want the drug for their pain and for doctors to prescribe it.  “We went from a country who used almost no opiate painkillers (like in the 50s and 60s) to being a country where we used 83% of the world’s Oxycodone and almost 98% of the world’s Hydrocodone” said Sam Quinones (Cohen & Gaviria, 2016).

oxycontin

Doctor Nora Volkow used a metaphor of drug abuse as “Driving a car without brakes.  You may very well want to stop.  If you do not have brakes, you will not be able to do it” (Cohen & Gaviria, 2016).  It also damages the frontal cortex of the brain the more a person abuses drugs.

car without brakes

I agree with what Mikel Kowalcyk said on the video about drug use.  She said “People are going to use drugs.  Let’s make it safe for them to use drugs until they’re ready to do something different”  (Cohen & Gaviria, 2016).  I believe that reverse psychology has a big effect on people doing drugs.  The more you tell someone “No”, the more they have an inner inclination to want to do things.  If there are treatments to avoid drug withdrawals, such as Methadone clinics, it is easier for drug users to get off their drug of choice.

Methadone clinic

In my opinion, people probably use drugs to have an escape from reality since living in the world today is very rough.  The people with rough family lives seem to be more prone to drug addiction.  Even so, there are also people who had wonderful childhoods and high potential that get addicted to drugs.  This is such a pity.  Drug addiction is an epidemic in the United States and I think the best way to treat it is with kindness and understanding.  The more a person is punished, the harder it will be for them to stop abusing drugs.

escape from reality

 

Reference

Cohen, W. (Producer), & Gaviria, M. (Director). (2016, February 23).  Frontline “Chasing Heroin” [Video file].  United States: Public Broadcasting Service.  Retrieved March 19, 2018, from https://www.pbs.org/wgbh/frontline/film/chasing-heroin/

How Is Personality Developed?


There is not a clear answer as to why people act, behave, or do what they do.  However, there are different views of which factors have the most effect on a human being’s development.  View A is “People are formed the most by their parents, relationships, and values”, view B is “People are formed the most by their own genetics and personality and personal decisions”, and view C is “People are formed the most by the current influences of their time:  peers, spouse/significant others, and media”.  View A seems to be the most accurate because most of a child’s brain is formed when he or she is living with their parents.

Child brain edited

View A which is “People are formed the most by their parents, relationships, and values” is the most accurate based on when the child’s brain takes in the most information.  By the time a child reaches five years of age, 90% of their brain growth is already developed.  Children’s brains are adapting to life extremely rapidly when they are living with their parents and siblings.  They do start school towards the end of this rapid brain development phase, but they are towards the end of it.

childs-brain edited

Based on a study by Kwalombota Mahalihali called “Families Influences on the development of a Child’s Behavior”, he states “Families, especially parents, play a fundamental role in forming the values of children. The ability to cope with and adjust to life’s problems and demands is based upon the psychological foundations of early family experiences.”  A person’s family has the tendency to predict who the child will be in the future.  What the family values and how parents teach children to teach others helps predict how the child will act with others when they are older.  Unfortunately, if a family is abusive or unhappy, the child’s emotions can become out of whack.  Thus, he or she will become an abnormal individual.

brain neglect

View B is that “People are formed the most by their own genetics and personality and personal decisions.”  Genetics do have a big factor in determining who a person will be.  Like I stated previously, part of the way I am is because my genetics are a mix of my mother’s and father’s.  More than that, though, I believe growing up with them and acquiring their characteristics caused me to be the way I am.  Genetics probably had something to do with it, also though.  The best research to figure out the relationship of genes to personality are twin studies.  In a twin study entitled “Self-Efficacy Is Mainly Genetic, Not Learned: A Multiple-Rater Twin Study on the Causal Structure of General Self-Efficacy in Young People”, the results found “that additive genetic factors explained 75% of the variation in the common psychometric general self-efficacy factor. The remaining 25% of the variation in this factor was explained by unique, non-shared environmental effects. The impact of shared environmental sources on the common factor was non-significant. There were no significant sex differences in the estimates of the model” (Waaktaar & Torgersen 657).  Genetics accounted for 75% of the twins’ personalities while 25% were explained by their individual environments growing up.  This concludes that genetics do have a large influence on people, but not the whole person.

presentation-on-personality-and-soft-skills-development-for-bba-vi-4-638 editde

 

View C is that “People are formed the most by the current influences of their time:  peers, spouse/significant others, and media.”  This holds a big factor on who a human becomes personality-wise because people learn by imitation just like primates.  There was a book written in 1950 by a sociologist named David Riesman.  It was entitled Lonely Crowd: A Study of the Changing American Character.  It was about different personality types affected by their surroundings and what was going on in the media.

tradition

The three types of personalities that Riesman discussed were tradition-oriented, inner-directed, and other-directed personalities.  People that are very set in their ways and are reluctant to change have tradition-oriented personalities.  They also tend to believe that everything they do is right.  People who feel guilty for everything (even things completely out of their control) have inner-directed personalities.  Their consciences are huge.  They self-depreciate themselves because they always want to help situations that would be impossible for them to help.  The last type of personality discussed by Riesman was the other-directed personality.  They are on the fence about what is right and what is wrong in this world.  They sometimes follow the crowd and they sometimes don’t.  They sometimes feel guilty if they do something wrong.  They sometimes don’t feel guilty.  A good word that I would describe this personality as is “wishy-washy”.  Wishy-washy means that they don’t know what they want, and their responses are always up in the air.

Conscience

In conclusion, View A of “People are formed the most by their parents, relationships, and values” is correct because people learn the most when they are aged zero to six.  This is when they live with their families.  This has been proven throughout the scientific world an abundant amount of times.  View B of “People are formed the most by their own genetics and personality and personal decisions” is semi-accurate due to the twin study by  Waaktaar & Torgersen, but only 75% of the personality traits stayed with the twins that were separated.  So, view B is not 100% accurate.  View C is that “People are formed the most by the current influences of their time:  peers, spouse/significant others, and media”.  People do learn by imitation, but at this point, their personalities have already formed.  They may copy off their friends, but they still have the personalities they obtained from when they were infants to age 6.

Is the Government the Cause of AIDs?


The AIDs conspiracy theory is the belief that the CIA created this virus to purposely infect and kill the gay and black communities.  Boyd E. Graves believes that the government modified a sheep virus to produce the AIDs virus.  They seemingly put this virus into hepatitis B vaccines that were only given to gay men and African Americans in New York and San Francisco.

aids theory

There are many different sub-theories of the AIDs conspiracy theory, but the basic premise is that the government created the virus.  According to theorists, there was not enough proof that HIV just came to be.  They think that the hepatitis B vaccine was produced in chimpanzees and it was given in New York City to gay men and African Americans between 1972-1974.  That is exactly when the epidemic started.

aids theory2

The dependent variables of the theory would be sexual orientation (homosexual), race (African American), and gender (male).  The independent variable would be the hepatitis B vaccine laced with the AIDs virus.  To the conspiracy theorists, it appears that the government targeted a specific population, but some believe that it was for world population control in general since the planet is extremely overpopulated.

aids theory3

The problem that the theory targets is the origin of the AIDS virus.  The deductive reasoning that helps the conspiracy theorists back up their theory is that a lot of the experimentation and creation of the hepatitis B vaccines containing the HIV virus was not documented.

aids theory4

Many religions believe that homosexuality is a sin (including the dominant religion in the United States which is Christianity).  There are also still white supremacists who do not respect African Americans.  These biased ideas may have been more prevalent in the 1970’s and this shows that the people that were specifically targeted in the creation of the AIDs virus may have not just been “accidental”.